Personal Independence Payment (PIP) and Motability

Personal Independence Payment (PIP) is a type of benefit set to gradually replace Disability Living Allowance (DLA). First introduced back in 1992, DLA was designed to assist both adults and children with personal care or mobility needs. PIP is part of the government’s 2013 welfare reform which states its aim is to make the benefit system fairer, and to help those with disabilities lead full and independent lives.

PIP differs from DLA namely in its criteria assessment, the award is based not on what condition a person has, but how it affects them and impacts their daily life.

PIP is a cash benefit comprising of two main components, daily living and mobility. Each part of the award has its own assessment criteria and can be paid at a standard rate or a higher amount, referred to as the enhanced rate.

PIP Assessment Criteria

PIP consists of an assessment of needs and physical ability, calculated on a points basis, which involves the evaluation of a person’s ability to perform everyday tasks –  the following are some examples:

  • Moving around
  • Planning a journey
  • Dressing and undressing
  • Controlling bodily functions
  • Planning and buying food

PIP Rates

Daily Living Component Weekly Rate
Standard £55.65
Enhanced £83.10


Mobility Component Weekly Rate
Standard £22.00
Enhanced £58.00


Who is Affected by the Change?

If you were aged 65 or over on April 8th 2013, you will continue to receive DLA. However, everyone else aged 16 or over receiving DLA, will have to claim PIP and their DLA award will at some point stop, if it hasn’t already done so. Even those with an indefinite DLA award will need to fulfil the PIP criteria and fill in the claim.

Transitioning from DLA to PIP

Anybody receiving DLA will have to apply to claim PIP – this will not happen automatically. The Department of Work and Pensions (DWP) will issue a letter requesting that you make a new claim for PIP. Free public services such as the Citizens Advice Bureau can provide assistance and advice when making your claim.

PIP and Motability Scheme

Motability is a charity organisation whose primary aim is to help disabled individuals remain mobile, those that qualify for certain disability allowances such as DLA, are able to use their weekly payment to cover the cost of leasing a car, scooter or wheelchair accessible vehicle.

To be eligible for the Motability scheme, claimants must receive the higher rate of DLA, or the enhanced rate of the mobility component of PIP. In order to be eligible for the enhanced rate, claimants must score 12 points on the mobility points component of the PIP assessment.

Unfortunately, those not awarded the enhanced rate of the mobility component of PIP, will no longer be eligible to lease though Motability. For more information see:

If your PIP claim is unsuccessful

In some cases, claims may be unsuccessful due to the differing criteria of PIP from DLA. However, applicants are entitled to challenge the decision provided they do so within one month of receiving the notice. Details on how to proceed will be provided when you receive your decision.